The Spine:

The spine has a double S shape, which contributes to its resilience. Intervertebral discs between vertebral bodies act as buffers or shock absorbers. These discs play a crucial role in the buffer function between vertebral bodies, and provide for the space need for peripheral nerve function.

the vertebral bodies are connected via joints, allowing normal movement of the spine.

The pelvis is the base of the spine, comprising two ilium, the sacrum, and coccyx, forms the foundation of the spine. The right and left Ilium articulates with the pelvis at the sacroiliac joint and joins the proximal head of Femur to create both hips.

Pelvic and Hip issues can be a common cause of lower back pain and are always addressed in chiropractic care.

Poor posture, such as a hollow back, rounded shoulders,  or a straight position of the neck, can lead to misalignments and blockages in the vertebral joints of the spine. We also provide our patients targeted  stretches to promote long-term flexibility and to counteract poor posture.

Spinal Sections: The spine is divided into three sections: cervical vertebrae (7), thoracic vertebrae (12) with rib attachments, and lumbar vertebrae (5).

The Cervical vertebrae are the set of seven vertebrae that make up the human neck.

C1 - Atlas: The atlas is the topmost vertebra, directly beneath the skull. It articulates with the skull and allows for the nodding motion of the head (flexion and extension).

C2 - Axis: The axis is the second cervical vertebra and articulates with the atlas. It has a unique structure known as the odontoid process (or dens), which allows for rotation of the head.

C3 to C7: These vertebrae are more uniform in structure compared to the atlas and axis. They gradually descend, with each one being smaller than the one above it. These vertebrae contribute to the flexibility and support of the neck.

The cervical vertebrae play a crucial role in supporting the head, facilitating various movements of the neck, and provide protection of spinal cord as it passes through the vertebral column. They also provide attachment for muscles and ligaments that contribute to neck stability and movement.

The Thoracic vertebrae are the set of 12 vertebrae in the middle part of the spine, located between the cervical (neck) and lumbar (lower back) vertebrae. Each thoracic vertebra has articulations with a pair of ribs, contributing to the formation of the costovertebral joints. The ribs connect to the thoracic vertebrae at the back and curve around to the front, forming the costal arches. This arrangement, along with the sternum in the front, creates a protective enclosure for vital organs such as the heart and lungs.

The thoracic spine provides stability and support for the upper body while allowing for some degree of flexibility for movement. The ribs, attached to the thoracic vertebrae assist in breathing by facilitating the expansion and contraction of the chest during respiration

The thoracic spine exhibits a natural curvature known as kyphosis, which contributes to the overall S-shape of the human spine. This curvature helps maintain balance and stability while allowing for the flexibility of the spine influencing overall posture and core strength..

The Lumbar vertebrae are a set of five large and sturdy vertebrae that make up the lower portion of the human spine. 

L1 to L5: These vertebrae are the largest and strongest in the vertebral column. They are characterized by their robust structure, which helps support the weight of the upper body and provides stability to the lower back. The lumbar vertebrae are responsible for allowing various movements, including bending forward (flexion), extending backward (extension), and twisting (rotation) of the trunk.

The lumbar vertebrae are crucial for weight-bearing and mobility, but they are also prone to conditions such as herniated discs, degenerative disc disease, and spinal stenosis. Issues with the lumbar spine can result in lower back pain, sciatica, and other symptoms.